Take Our Sleep Test

In contrast to just feeling tired, how likely are you to doze off or fall asleep in the following situations? (Even if you have not done some of these things recently, try to work out how they would have affected you.) Use the following sleep test scale to choose the most appropriate number for each situation:

0 = Would never doze
1 = Slight chance of dozing
2 = Moderate chance of dozing
3 = High chance of dozing

Your Situation:

Sitting and Reading

Watching Television

Sitting inactive in a public place

As a car passenger for 1 hour, no break

Lying down to rest in the afternoon

Sitting and talking to someone

Sitting quietly after lunch without alcohol

In a car stopped in traffic


Research & Publications

Sleep Apnea and Snoring Research and Publications
Call Us for a Priority Appointment   (484) 684-6800

High Rates of Sleep Apnea in Women

Traditional thinking indicates that sleep apnea primarily affects men.  However, more recent studies indicate that sleep apnea can be common in women, as well.

Women who are obese or suffer from hypertension are more prone to obstructive sleep apnea. Specifically, eighty percent of women with hypertension and eighty-four percent of obese women suffered from sleep apnea.

The takeaway was that sleep specialists and physicians should not have a gender bias toward OSA; rather, they should look...

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Can Home Sleep Testing Diagnose Obstructive Sleep Apnea?


A sleep study, also known as polysomnography or PSG, is required to make the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).    The sleep study is a non-invasive and painless test. Monitors are placed on a patient to evaluate and record your sleep.  This is typically performed in a sleep lab or hospital. However, recent technologic advancements have enabled patients to perform this test at home.  This test is referred to as a home sleep study.



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Can Snoring Ruin a Relationship?

We’ve all banished our partner to the spare room when their snoring is causing us sleepless nights. But what happens when sleeping apart, in separate rooms, becomes the norm?

More than 25% of adult couples sleep in different rooms because of snoring.  While partners of snorers reported better sleep when sleeping alone, the majority of these people also indicated that this arrangement had a negative impact on their relationship.

Sleeping apart from each other can be emotionally and...

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Sleep Disorders in the Elderly

Chan AC, Sesso DM, Kushida CA. In progress.

Surgical Treatment of Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders

Sesso DM, Powell NB, Riley RW. In:  Kushida CA, ed.  Handbook of Sleep Disorders, 2nd ed.  New York:  Informa Healthcare, 2009:409-429.

Download Handbook of Sleep Disorders - Chapter 32 - Surgical Treatment of Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders

Snoring, upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) are collectively referred to as sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD). These terms describe a partial or...

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Sleep Disorders in Asians

Sesso DM, Chan AC, Kushida CA. In:  Chang EC, ed.  Handbook of Adult Psychopathology in Asians:  Theory, Diagnosis, and Treatment, 1st ed.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2012:290-327.

Rationale and Indications for Surgical Treatment

Sesso DM, Riley RW, Powell NB. In:  Friedman M, ed.  Sleep Apnea and Snoring:  Surgical and Non-Surgical Therapy.  New York:  Saunders Elsevier, 2009:80-84.

Maxillofacial Surgical Techniques for Hypopharyngeal Obstruction in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Sesso DM, Riley RW, Powell NB. In:  Friedman M, ed.  Sleep Apnea and Snoring:  Surgical and Non-Surgical Therapy.  New York:  Saunders Elsevier, 2009:326-333.

Reconstructive Surgery for Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Sesso DM, Powell NB, Riley RW. In:  Jaffe RA, ed.  Anesthesiologist’s Manual of Surgical Procedures, 4th ed.  Philadelphia:  Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2009:249-258.

Upper Airway Surgery in the Adult

Sesso DM, Powell NB, Riley RW, et al.  In:  Kushida CA, ed.  Obstructive Sleep Apnea:  Diagnosis and Treatment.  New York:  Informa Healthcare, 2007:191-215.